Subject and Verb Agreement for Grade 5 Students

In learning English, one of the most essential rules to master is subject-verb agreement. It is important to form correct sentences and express ideas clearly. In this article, we will discuss subject-verb agreement for Grade 5 students.

What is subject-verb agreement?

Subject-verb agreement is the grammatical rule that governs the relationship between the subject and the verb in a sentence. The subject is the person, animal, place, or thing that is performing the action, while the verb is the action that is being performed. In a sentence, the verb must agree with the subject in terms of number and person.

For example:

– The boy runs to school. (Singular subject and verb)

– The boys run to school. (Plural subject and verb)

Tips for subject-verb agreement

1. Identify the subject

The first step in determining subject-verb agreement is to identify the subject in the sentence. It is the noun or pronoun that is performing the action. For example:

– The cat is sleeping on the couch. (The subject is the cat)

2. Check the number of the subject

The number of the subject is either singular or plural. It will affect the verb form we use.

For example:

– One cat is on the couch. (The subject is singular)

– Two cats are on the couch. (The subject is plural)

3. Choose the correct verb form

Once we determine the number of the subject, we need to choose the correct verb form to match it.

For example:

– The cat sleeps on the couch. (Singular subject and verb)

– The cats sleep on the couch. (Plural subject and verb)

Common mistakes

There are some common mistakes that students might make when it comes to subject-verb agreement. Here are some examples:

– Singular nouns that end in “s” may be confused with plural nouns. For example: The bus stops here. (Not “stop”)

– Irregular plural nouns may be confused with singular nouns. For example: The women are dancing. (Not “woman is”)

– Collective nouns may be used with singular or plural verbs, depending on whether we are emphasizing the group or its members. For example: The team is playing well. (Emphasizing the group) The team are getting ready. (Emphasizing the players)


Subject-verb agreement is a basic but crucial rule in English grammar. Grade 5 students should be able to identify the subject, check its number, and choose the correct verb form to match it. By practicing this rule, students will be able to form clear and effective sentences that convey their thoughts accurately.